1. Force Exerted by fluid on Bend
When the fluid is passing through a bend there will be some forces that will be applied by the bend.
Let’s found out the expression.
In above figure we will calculate the forces in X & Y direction
Net force on fluid in X-direction = Rate of change of momentum in X-direction
Net force on fluid in Y-direction = Rate of change of momentum in Y-direction
Net force will be given by